Bewerbung eines homöopathisches Arzneimittel mit indirektem Erfolgsversprechen – bekämpft Kopfschmerzen zuverlässig – wettbewerbswidrig

Application of a homeopathic medicine with indirect promises of success anticompetitive,,de,Deception in advertising for a homeopathic medicine with promises of success,,de,the judgment of the District Court in Munich is from the appeal of the applicant,,de,amended and restated as follows,,de,The defendant is sentenced,,de,it while avoiding a deadline set by the court for each case of infringement administrative fine,,de,and in the event,,de,that it can not be collected,,de,a detention order,,de

OLG München, Judgment v. 04.05.2017 – 29 You 335/17 Irreführung bei Werbung für ein homöopathisches Arzneimittel mit Erfolgsversprechen Continue reading Bewerbung eines homöopathisches Arzneimittel mit indirektem Erfolgsversprechen – bekämpft Kopfschmerzen zuverlässig – wettbewerbswidrig

More business law topics:

Bankenklausel “Jede smsTAN kostet 0,10 €” in Bezug auf Verträge über Zahlungsdienste zwischen einem Kreditinstitut und Verbrauchern ist unwirksam

The u. a. for the banking competent XI. Zivilsenat des Bundesgerichtshofs hat entschieden, dass die vorformulierte Klausel “Jede smsTAN kostet 0,10 € (unabhängig vom Kontomodell)” in Bezug auf Verträge über Zahlungsdienste zwischen einem Kreditinstitut und Verbrauchern unwirksam ist.

Sachverhalt:

Der Kläger, ein Verbraucherschutzverband, wendet sich mit der Unterlassungsklage nach § 1 UKlaG gegen eine von der beklagten Sparkasse verwendete Preisklausel für smsTAN. Der Kläger behauptet, die Beklagte verwende in ihrem Preisverzeichnis eine Klausel mit folgendem Wortlaut: “Jede smsTAN kostet 0,10 € (unabhängig vom Kontomodell)”. Er ist der Ansicht, diese Klausel verstoße gegen § 307 BGB *, und nimmt die Beklagte darauf in Anspruch, deren Verwendung gegenüber Privatkunden zu unterlassen. Die Beklagte stellt nicht in Abrede, eine Preisklausel für smsTAN zu verwenden, bestreitet aber, dass diese den vom Kläger behaupteten Wortlaut hat. Continue reading Bankenklausel “Jede smsTAN kostet 0,10 €” in Bezug auf Verträge über Zahlungsdienste zwischen einem Kreditinstitut und Verbrauchern ist unwirksam

More business law topics:

TV advertising can satisfy by reference to the website information obligations

1. Art. 7 Abs. 1 and 3 Directive 2005/29 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11. More 2005 on unfair commercial practices of businesses towards consumers in the internal market and amending Council Directive 84/450 / EEC, Directives 97/7 / EC, 98/27/EC and 2002/65 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EG) No.. 2006/2004 des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates (Directive on unfair commercial practices) must be interpreted as, in order to assess, whether a commercial practice is to be regarded as a misleading omission, the relationship, in dem diese Geschäftspraxis steht – u. a. the limitations of the communication medium used for this practice, the due this communication medium spatial or temporal limitations and any measures, the trader has taken, um den Verbrauchern die Information anderweitig zur Verfügung zu stellen –, is also to be considered, if such a requirement can not be expressly inferred from the wording of the legislation concerned.

2. Art. 6 Abs. 1 Directive 2005/29 must be interpreted as, that a practice, which consists in, divide the price into several components and highlight one of them, is classified as misleading, if it is capable of, to convey to the average consumer the false impression, that is offered to him a favorable price, and to entice him, take a transactional decision, he would not have taken otherwise, which is for the referring court to consider taking into account all relevant circumstances of the main proceedings. The time constraints, where certain communication media such as television commercials may be subject to, dürfen bei der Beurteilung des irreführenden Charakters am Maßstab von Art. 6 Abs. 1 dieser Richtlinie allerdings nicht berücksichtigt werden.

3. Art. 7 Directive 2005/29 must be interpreted as, that in cases, where a trader has chosen, the price for a subscription to assemble so, that the consumer has to pay both a monthly fee as well as a half-yearly fee, this practice is to be regarded as a misleading omission, if the monthly fee in the advertisement is highlighted, but quite deprived of the semi-annual fee or shown only on a less conspicuous way,, insofar as such an omission is causing the consumer to take a transactional decision or is likely to cause, he would not have taken otherwise, what the national court, taking into account the limitations of the communication medium used, the nature and characteristics of the product and the other measures, the trader has actually taken, order to provide consumers with the essential information on the product is available, must be checked.

4. Art. 7 Abs. 4 Directive 2005/29 must be interpreted as, that it contains an exhaustive list of essential information, which must be mentioned in an invitation to purchase. The assessment, whether the particular trader has information requirement, taking into account the nature and characteristics of the product, but also of the communication medium used for the invitation to purchase and the additional information provided, where appropriate, by the trader has sufficient, for the national court. Der Umstand, dass ein Gewerbetreibender in einer Aufforderung zum Kauf alle in Art. 7 Abs. 4 dieser Richtlinie aufgezählten Informationen bereitstellt, does not preclude, dass diese Geschäftspraxis als irreführend im Sinne von Art. 6 Abs. 1 oder Art. 7 Abs. 2 der Richtlinie eingestuft werden kann.

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT (Fifth chamber) 26. October 2016

„Vorlage zur Vorabentscheidung – Unlautere Geschäftspraktiken –Richtlinie 2005/29/EG – Art. 6 and 7 - Advertisement for a television subscription via Satellite - Subscription Price, in addition to the monthly fee a semi-annual contribution for the card required for decoding the program includes - monthly fee, which is not specified or less prominent than the semi-annual fee - Misleading action - Misleading omission - implementation of the provision of a directive only in the materials of a national implementing law and not in the legislative text itself "

In Case C-611/14

betreffend ein Vorabentscheidungsersuchen nach Art. 267 AEUV, eingereicht vom Court of Glostrup (Gericht Glostrup, Denmark) by decision of 1. December 2014, referred to the Court 23. December 2014, in the criminal proceedings against

Canal Digital Denmark A / S

he let Continue reading TV advertising can satisfy by reference to the website information obligations

More business law topics:

Kartell retardant behavior triggers an antitrust damages from, however must be filled kausaliter the reason and the amount

BGH to the requirements for proving a cartel damage
Judgment of 12. July 2016 – KZR 25/14 – Lottoblock II

The Cartel Division of the Federal Court has dealt with it, how far the binding effect on the determination of an antitrust infringement in the cartel administration proceedings, if compensation is sought for this offense later, and what requirements are to be set at the detection of a defect.

The applicant, a commercial lottery broker, requires the defendant, the lottery company of North Rhine-Westphalia, Damages for an antitrust infringement.

The holding of lotteries is basically reserved in Germany the Lottogesell-unions of the states, which the German Lotto- and Toto Block (DLTB) have joined. Ab April 2005 tried the applicant with various partners, establish a mediation for stakes in state lotteries. These outlets should be constructed in retail stores such as supermarkets or gas stations (“terrestrial distribution”). Revenue was achieved by the applicant from fees, the game player and commission payments of lottery companies. The Legal Committee of DLTB called the lottery companies on, reject sales from the terrestrial distribution of commercial gaming agents. The Federal Cartel Office prohibited the then DLTB and the lottery companies of countries, such a request and the implementation of the decision of the Legal Committee; this was available from by decision of the Bundesgerichtshof 14. August 2008 legally confirmed (CAR 54/07, WuW / E DE-R 2408 – Lottoblock I; s. Press release of the Federal Court No.. 155/2008 from 14. August 2008).

The applicant seeks compensation for loss of profit for the year 2006 to 2008. It argues, because of antitrust infringement of lottery companies they have not been able to build as planned the placement work and develop.

The Court of Appeal, the defendant about to pay damages in the amount of 11,5 My. convicted € plus interest. On appeal by the defendant the cartel division of the Federal Court annulled that decision and remanded the case to the Court of Appeal. Continue reading Kartell retardant behavior triggers an antitrust damages from, however must be filled kausaliter the reason and the amount

More business law topics:

To the under § 945 ZPO damage for which compensation may include costs, incurred by, that an undertaking to comply with a restraining order recalling products from the channels of.

a) The features and the design of a product are not regularly suitable, to enable a conclusion to its commercial origin, if it is the target public is the final consumer and identical products are sold under various brand manufacturers.

b) To the under § 945 ZPO damage for which compensation may include costs, incurred by, that an undertaking to comply with a restraining order recalling products from the channels of.

JUDGMENT BGH I ZR 109/14 from 19. November 2015 – Hot Sox

UWG § 4 No.. 9; ZPO § 945 Continue reading To the under § 945 ZPO damage for which compensation may include costs, incurred by, that an undertaking to comply with a restraining order recalling products from the channels of.

More business law topics:

Clause in a commercial agency contract “poach the Company's customers or this even trying” is invalid for infringing the principle of transparency.

The contained in a commercial agency contract, Asked by the entrepreneur as ERAL-ne business condition determination “The Financial Advisor is committed, to refrain for a period of two years after termination of Handelsvertreterver-holds isses, poach the Company's customers or this even trying” is infringement of the principle of transparency in accordance with § 307 Abs. 1 Set 1 i.V.m. Set 2 BGB ineffective.

BGH URTEIL VII ZR 100/15 from 3. December 2015 – Handelsvertretervertrag / non-solicitation
HGB § 90a; BGB § 307 Abs. 1 Bm. Continue reading Clause in a commercial agency contract “poach the Company's customers or this even trying” is invalid for infringing the principle of transparency.

More business law topics:

Public announcement in book form the specific behaviors exhibited by a person identified by a child injured his general right

a) The public announcement of the specific behaviors and skills shown by a person identified by a child in elementary school be-impaired its general right of personality in its manifestation as right to undisturbed child contemporary development.
b) The do not belong to the disclosure in the public life of property, plant-behaving caused infringement of personal rights by not deleted, that the injured party or his legal guardian expresses after injury also to the disclosed circumstances.
c) To reach the scope of the freedom of art (Art. 5 Abs. 3 GG).

BGH JUDGMENT VI ZR 175/14 from 15. September 2015

GG Art. 1 Abs. 1, 2 Abs. 1, 5 Abs. 1, 3; BGB § 823 Abs. 1 Ah, § 1004 Abs. 1 Set 2. Continue reading Public announcement in book form the specific behaviors exhibited by a person identified by a child injured his general right

More business law topics:

Der Umstand, dass kosmetische Mittel Chlorhexidin in einer Konzentration von bis zu 0,3% als Konservierungsstoff enthalten dürfen, besagt nicht, dass Erzeugnisse, die diesen Stoff in einer geringeren Konzentration enthalten, keine Funktionsarzneimittel sein können.

Der Umstand, dass kosmetische Mittel nach dem Anhang VI (1. Teil Nr. 42) der Richtlinie 76/768/EWG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften der Mitglied-staaten über kosmetische Mittel und nach dem Anhang V Nr. 42 der Verord-nung (EG) No.. 1223/2009 über kosmetische Mittel Chlorhexidin in einer Konzentration von bis zu 0,3% als Konservierungsstoff enthalten dürfen, besagt nicht, dass Erzeugnisse, die diesen Stoff in einer geringeren Konzentration enthalten, keine Funktionsarzneimittel sein können.

JUDGMENT BGH I ZR 141/13 from 8. January 2015 – Mundspüllösung II

ArzneimittelG § 2 Abs. 1 No.. 2 Buchst. a; Richtlinie 2001/83/EG Art. 1 No.. 2 Buchst. b Continue reading Der Umstand, dass kosmetische Mittel Chlorhexidin in einer Konzentration von bis zu 0,3% als Konservierungsstoff enthalten dürfen, besagt nicht, dass Erzeugnisse, die diesen Stoff in einer geringeren Konzentration enthalten, keine Funktionsarzneimittel sein können.

More business law topics:

Die Werbung mit Top-Preisen ist keine Werbung mit Höchstpreisen für Goldankauf und nicht wettbewerbswidrig

Oberlandesgericht Köln Urteil 6 You 173/14 from 19.06.2015 – Goldankauf zu Toppreiseen/ Höchstpreisen

BGB § 339 S. 2,; UWG § 5

Die Berufung des Klägers gegen das am 14.10.2014 verkündete Urteil der 8. Zivilkammer des Landgerichts Aachen – 8 The 130/14 – wird zurückgewiesen.
Die Kosten des Berufungsverfahrens werden dem Kläger auferlegt.
Das Urteil ist vorläufig vollstreckbar.
Die Revision wird nicht zugelassen.

1
G r ü n d e
2
I.
3
Der Kläger macht gegen die Beklagte Vertragsstrafen-Ansprüche aus einer wettbewerbsrechtlichen Unterlassungsverpflichtungserklärung geltend.
4
Beide Parteien sind im Bereich des Goldankaufs tätig. Die Beklagte warb in der Vergangenheit mit der Aussage „Wir zahlen Höchstpreise für Ihren Goldschmuck“. Nach Abmahnung durch den Kläger gab sie unter dem 03.09.2013 eine strafbewehrte Unterlassungserklärung nach Hambuger Brauch ab, in der sie sich verpflichtete, es zu unterlassen mit Höchstpreisen für den Ankauf von Edelmetallen und Schmuck zu werben, wenn tatsächlich keine Höchstpreise gezahlt werden; der Kläger nahm die Erklärung am 04.09.2012 an.
5
In der Folgezeit warb die Beklagte in ihrem Ladengeschäft und im Internet mit „Goldankauf zu Top Preisen“. Der Kläger mahnte daraufhin die Beklagte erneut ab und forderte sie erfolglos zur Abgabe einer weiteren strafbewehrten Unterlassungserklärung auf, außerdem zur Zahlung von je 5.500,00 € Vertragsstrafe für zwei Verstöße.
6
Bezüglich des Unterlassungsbegehrens erwirkte der Kläger im September 2013 vor dem Landgericht Münster eine einstweilige Verfügung; auch im anschließenden Hauptsacheverfahren untersagte das Landgericht Münster mit Urteil vom 25.04.2014 (23 The 123/13) der Beklagten, mit der Aussage „Goldankauf zu Top Preisen“ zu werben, wenn diese nicht zutrifft.
7
Wegen der ihrer Ansicht nach verwirkten Vertragsstrafe hat der Kläger das vorliegende Verfahren eingeleitet. Er hat gemeint, bei der Werbung „Goldankauf zu Top Preisen“ handele es sich um einen kerngleichen Verstoß zu der Werbung mit Höchstpreisen. In beiden Fällen gehe es um eine Spitzenstellungsbehauptung. Ein Spitzenpreis habe indes nicht vorgelegen.
8
Der Kläger hat beantragt,
9
Order the defendant, an ihn 11.000,00 € nebst Zinsen i.H.v. 5 Prozentpunkten über dem Basiszinssatz hieraus seit Rechtshängigkeit zu zahlen.
10
Die Beklagte hat beantragt,
11
die Klage abzuweisen.
12
Die Beklagte hat vorgetragen, die Werbung mit „Top Preisen“ stelle ein Weniger gegenüber der Alleinstellungs-/Spitzenstellungswerbung mit „Höchstpreisen“ dar. Bei der Werbung mit „Top Preisen“ handele es sich noch nicht einmal um eine Spitzengruppenwerbung. Diese Angabe, mit der nur eine gute Eigenschaft, nicht aber die beste gemeint sei, stelle vielmehr eine substanzlose Anpreisung ohne konkreten Tatsachengehalt dar. Keinesfalls werde damit in Anspruch genommen, die günstigsten Preise unter allen Anbietern zu haben, sondern allenfalls, zur Gruppe der günstigeren Anbieter zu gehören. Im Übrigen habe der Kläger nicht ausreichend dargelegt, dass ihre Preise im Raum Münster nicht zur Spitzengruppe im Bereich des Goldankaufs gehörten. Die vom Kläger geforderte Vertragsstrafe sei in jedem Fall nach Art und Umfang unangemessen und der Vortrag des Klägers zu den Bemessungskriterien unsubstantiiert.
13
Das Landgericht hat mit Urteil vom 14.10.2014, auf das wegen der weiteren Einzelheiten des Sach- und Streitstandes gemäß § 540 Abs. 1 Set 1 No.. 1 ZPO Bezug genommen wird, die Klage abgewiesen; wie bereits das Landgericht Münster im Verfahren 23 The 123/13 mit Urteil vom 25.04.2014 ausgeführt habe, sei die Aussage „Top Preis“ nicht mit der Aussage „Höchstpreis“ gleichzusetzen.
14
Mit seiner Berufung hält der Kläger sein erstinstanzliches Begehren aufrecht. Die Begriffe „Top Preis“ und „Höchstpreis“ seien jeweils Synonyme für „Spitzenpreis“ und damit inhaltlich gleich. Zu berücksichtigen sei auch, dass beim Verkauf von Gold der Preis das einzige Anlockmittel sei.
15
Die Beklagte verteidigt die angefochtene Entscheidung. Das Landgericht habe zutreffend zwischen einer Allein-/Spitzenstellungswerbung und einer Spitzengruppenwerbung unterschieden. Die Bewerbung mit „Top Preisen“ besage gerade nicht, dass die höchsten Preise gezahlt würden.
16
II.
17
Die zulässige Berufung ist unbegründet. Der Kläger hat keinen Anspruch auf Zahlung einer Vertragsstrafe aus dem zwischen den Parteien am 03./04.09.2013 geschlossene strafbewehrte Unterlassungsvertrag als der hier allein in Betracht kommenden Anspruchsgrundlage.
18
1. Dem Wortlaut nach ist die Werbung mit „Top Preisen“ keine Werbung mit „Höchstpreisen“. Soweit die Unterlassungsverpflichtungserklärung nicht nur identische Verstöße, sondern auch alle im Kern gleichartigen Verletzungsformen umfasst, ist auf das Charakteristische der Verletzungshandlung abzustellen (vgl. BGH GRUR 1998, 483 – der M.-Markt packt aus, m.w.N.). Dieses liegt hier in der Angabe eines bestimmten Preisniveaus, wobei die Aussage „Top Preis“ ein niedrigeres Preisniveau beinhaltet als die Aussage „Spitzenpreis“. Die Werbung mit „Höchstpreisen“ ist rechtlich anders zu beurteilen als die Werbung mit „Top Preisen“, so dass der Kernbereich der Unterlassungsverpflichtungserklärung nicht berührt wird. Continue reading Die Werbung mit Top-Preisen ist keine Werbung mit Höchstpreisen für Goldankauf und nicht wettbewerbswidrig

More business law topics:

Die EU-Kommission leitet förmliche Untersuchung der E Book-Vertriebsvereinbarungen von Amazon wegen Verstosses gegen Kartellrecht – Meistbegünstigungsklausel – in

Antitrust: Kommission leitet förmliche Untersuchung der E Book-Vertriebsvereinbarungen von Amazon ein

Die Europäische Kommission hat heute (Donnerstag) eine förmliche kartellrechtliche Untersuchung bestimmter Geschäftspraktiken von Amazon im Vertrieb von elektronischen Büchern („E-Books“) eingeleitet.

Dabei wird sie vor allem bestimmte Klauseln der Verträge zwischen Amazon und Verlagen genau prüfen. Nach diesen Klauseln müssen Verlage Amazon informieren, wenn sie dessen Wettbewerbern günstigere oder andere Konditionen bieten, und Amazon vergleichbare Konditionen einräumen oder auf andere Weise sicherstellen, dass Amazon mindestens ebenso gute Konditionen erhält.

Die Kommission hat Bedenken, dass solche Klauseln es anderen E-Book-Händlern erschweren könnten, sich durch die Entwicklung neuer und innovativer Produkte und Dienste im Wettbewerb mit Amazon zu behaupten. Die Kommission wird prüfen, ob solche Klauseln möglicherweise den Wettbewerb zwischen verschiedenen E-Book-Händlern beschränken und für die Verbraucher eine geringere Auswahl zur Folge haben. Sollte sich dies bestätigen, könnte ein derartiges Verhalten gegen das im EU-Kartellrecht verankerte Verbot des Missbrauchs einer marktbeherrschenden Stellung und wettbewerbsbeschränkender Praktiken verstoßen. Die Einleitung eines Verfahrens lässt keine Rückschlüsse auf das Ergebnis der Untersuchung zu.

EU-Wettbewerbskommissarin Margrethe Vestager erklärte dazu: „Amazon hat ein erfolgreiches Geschäft aufgebaut, mit dem es den Verbrauchern, auch bei E-Books, umfassende Dienstleistungen bietet. Unsere Untersuchung stellt dies keineswegs in Frage. Allerdings ist es meine Aufgabe sicherzustellen, dass sich die Vereinbarungen von Amazon mit Verlagen nicht nachteilig auf die Verbraucher auswirken, indem sie andere EBook-Händler hindern, Innovation zu schaffen und Amazon im Wettbewerb die Stirn zu bieten. Unsere Untersuchung wird zeigen, ob diese Bedenken gerechtfertigt sind.” Continue reading Die EU-Kommission leitet förmliche Untersuchung der E Book-Vertriebsvereinbarungen von Amazon wegen Verstosses gegen Kartellrecht – Meistbegünstigungsklausel – in

More business law topics:

Sprunghaftung des Handelsvertreteters nichtig, HV kann volle Handelsvertreterprovision nach § 87b HGB verlangen

Eine vertragliche Regelung in einem Handelsvertretervertrag über eine sog. Sprunghaftung, wonach dem Handelsvertreter ein Provisionsanspruch für von ihm vermittelte Zeitschriftenabonnementverträge nur dann zustehen soll, wenn der Kunde das Abonnement während der festgelegten Sprunghaftungsfrist voll bezahlt hat, ist wegen Verstoßes gegen § 87a Abs. 1 Set 3 HGB i.V.m. § 139 BGB nichtig. Der Handelsvertreter kann als Provision den üblichen Satz gemäß § 87b Abs. 1 HGB verlangen.

HGB § 87a Abs. 1 Set 3, § 84 Abs. 1; BGB § 139

BGH URTEIL VII ZR 336/13 from 12. March 2015 – Sprunghaftung des Handelsvertreters Continue reading Sprunghaftung des Handelsvertreteters nichtig, HV kann volle Handelsvertreterprovision nach § 87b HGB verlangen

More business law topics:

Five things to do, can perform a good notary for you

Duties of a notary: BNotO

In § 14 BNotO (BNotO) the duties of a notary are well defined. A notary is an independent consultant in legal transactions of citizens. It provides security in stores, by educating the parties about the consequences and hinwirkt it, that the parties express their will clearly. For many legal transactions before a notary is mandatory. The profession of notary is not limited to the design and certification of contracts. The notary may also provide for the certification after completion of the relevant dispositions. His responsibilities also include the deposit any money hinterlegtem.

 

The notary also provides for obtaining necessary permits and the corresponding entries in registers as the land register and the commercial register. The most effective of the notary of his office will be able to exercise, when he is entrusted with that task early. It will then clarify the facts and the will of the person seeking advice and if necessary. explore its contractual partners. He is doing work towards a legally secure and balanced design of the Treaty, advise, teach about the legal implications and possible alternatives call. In this way, the interests of the weaker partner are respected. The notarial acts are still after a very long time testimony of the measures exhortations.
With a notarial deed If the parties can also submit to the enforcement in respect of claims, which are accessible and not an agreement relating to a living room or a tenancy aim at a declaration of intent.
Such records act insofar as a judgment, may be enforced as from them.

Marriage and Family

For the adoption Participate must go to a notary. Even the marriage contract or partnership agreement and the divorce agreement is received by the notary.

Real Estate

The notary will help you with the purchase of land and property, by performing the required for this certification. The order of mortgages and the delivery or the beneficial ownership in relation to real estate is his business, as well as the donation.

Inheritance and gift

At the notary's will and testamentary contract is created or. authenticated. Even with anticipated inheritance and gift agreements you need a notary. The notary is also responsible for the certificate of inheritance and estate distribution. Find out more Information on succession.

Business

If you want to start a business or an existing Intend to restructure corporate law, if you want to transfer shares of your company, want to have a company entered in the Commercial Register or determine a business succession, the notary is your contact person.

Enduring powers of attorney

If you want to create a so-called living wills, in which it is set, be as in the case of your death to do with your body, or what you want in the event of a serious disease with loss of consciousness, You have to notarize it at the notary.
Likewise, your path leads you to the notary, if you want to create a Betreuungsverfügung, in which you specify, who will look after you in case of insanity.

Mediation

To disputes with business- to avoid or spouses in case of divorce, about through a divorce agreement, the notary can help. Also, inheritance disputes can be settled in a notarial arbitration procedure. The difference in activity is exercised by the notary and in terms of enforceable documents from.

More business law topics:

The new SLK – No obligation to indicate the CO2 emission or consumption from a competition standpoint

a) “Model” within the meaning of § 5 Abs. 1 Car EnVKV under § 2 No.. 15 Car EnVKV the trade name of a vehicle, consisting of factory brand, Type and, where appropriate variant and version of a passenger car. This does not conflict, that pursuant to § 2 No.. 6 Car EnVKV in conjunction with Article. 2 No.. 6 Directive 1999/94 / EC then, if a model under several variants and / or versions are summarized, are of value for CO2 emissions of this model based on the variant or version with the highest official CO2 emissions indicate within this group.

b) In Annex IV subparagraph 3 Directive 1999/94 / EC included provision, after which the fuel must not be specified, if it is referenced in the promotional literature only on the make, and not to any particular model, does not justify the implication, that in such a case, after all, the CO2 emissions must be specified.

JUDGMENT BGH I ZR 119/13 from 24. July 2014 – The new SLK

UWG § 4 No.. 11, § 5a Abs. 2 and 4; § car EnVKV 2 No.. 6, 15 and 16, § 5 Abs. 1 and Section I of Annex 4; Directive 1999/94 / EC Art. 2 No.. 6, 11 and 12, Art. 6 Abs. 1 and Annex IV
Continue reading The new SLK – No obligation to indicate the CO2 emission or consumption from a competition standpoint

More business law topics:

The proof of the number of transferred cargo can also by a certificate issued by the carrier receipt (Transfer receipt) be performed

If neither a bill of lading nor a bill of lading issued, , the proof of the number of transferred cargo from that of type. 17 Abs. 1 CMR beneficiaries by one of the carrier or sei-nem driver issued a receipt (Transfer receipt) be performed. The carrier may not rely on, the Übernahmequit-tung had no probative value or its probative value was shaken, because they “blind” was signed, if the person signing the Empfangsbestä-ment had the opportunity, to observe the loading or after completion of-sen to verify at least the number of packages.

JUDGMENT BGH I ZR 109/13 from 22. More 2014

CMR Art. 17 Abs. 1, Art. 29 Abs. 1; HGB § 435; Civil Code §§ 242 Cd, 368; Code of Civil Procedure §§ 416, 440 Continue reading The proof of the number of transferred cargo can also by a certificate issued by the carrier receipt (Transfer receipt) be performed

More business law topics:

Pospektfehler of Deutsche Telekom at the third offering is clear

Der u.a. for the statutory prospectus liability law competent XI. Civil Division of the Federal Court from the decision to 21. October 2014 of the appeals of investors, the representative of some 17.000 Applicant had lodged an appeal, and the appeal of Deutsche Telekom AG against the model case ruling from the Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main from 16. More 2012 decided.

Subject of - in relation to the mass actions brought by shareholders of Deutsche Telekom AG - newly created investor-pattern method can only be generalized preliminary questions to the individual shareholder lawsuits be. The focus here is on the method (Un-)Accuracy of the occasion of the so-called “third IPO” Deutsche Telekom AG issued prospectus. In the year 2000 offered the German Telekom AG on the basis of this Prospectus 230 Million already admitted to trading shares from the holdings of the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) public sale to. After the price of the shares was strong like, it came from the year 2001 to numerous lawsuits against the German Telekom AG, KfW, the Federal Republic of Germany and part of the Underwriters. Continue reading Pospektfehler of Deutsche Telekom at the third offering is clear

More business law topics:

Agreements, in which actions brought by a consumer from the doorstep, a different jurisdiction is determined, are inadmissible.

Agreements, in which actions brought by a consumer from the doorstep of a § 29c para. 1 Set 1 ZPO deviating jurisdiction is determined, Pursuant to § 29c para. 3 ZPO inadmissible.

BGH JUDGMENT III ZR 474/13 from 30. October 2014

ZPO § 29c para. 1 Set 1, Abs. 3 Continue reading Agreements, in which actions brought by a consumer from the doorstep, a different jurisdiction is determined, are inadmissible.

More business law topics:

Lehmann Brothers – Investors receive warranty certificates due Enlightenment breach damages

The u. a. for the banking competent XI. Civil Division of the Federal Court has dealt in two other procedures so, whether an advisory bank in connection with the recommendation of certificates of the Dutch subsidiary Lehman Brothers Treasury Co. B.V. (Issuer) der US-amerikanischen Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (The warranty) is obliged to pay damages. The focus of the decisions on the question, whether an advisory bank in the distribution of “Garantiezertifikaten” must inform unasked about special termination rights of the Issuer. The Federal Court has acknowledged such duty to inform.

In the process XI ZR 480/13 acquired by the plaintiff in November 2007 on the recommendation of an employee of the defendant bank 40 Piece of “Lehman Brothers warranty certificate on five bank title” nominal value of 39.328 €. In May 2008 he acquired on the recommendation of the same employee more 100 Piece Lehman certificates “LB 6 Year CatchUp note on six DAX stocks” nominal value of 100.000 €.

In the process XI ZR 169/13 acquired by the plaintiff in May 2008 on the recommendation of an employee of the same defendant bank “Lehman Brothers shares coupon bonds on six DAX values”, d. h. so-called Basket Certificates, the market value of 33.099 €. In the related product flyer it says u.a. “100% Capital at maturity”. Continue reading Lehmann Brothers – Investors receive warranty certificates due Enlightenment breach damages

More business law topics:

A breach of contract is essential in terms of Art 35 CISG, if its fulfillment, the buyer is attributable primarily by the weight of the infringement, so the goods can not be used

a) For the assessment, whether a fundamental breach exists, is, if the lack of conformity to a deviation from the contractually agreed (Art. 35 Abs. 1 CISG) or some other man-gelhaftigkeit (Art. 35 Abs. 2 CISG) based, not only the severity of the defects crucial, but rather, whether its fulfillment, the buyer is attributable primarily by the weight of the infringement. Can he purchased goods, albeit with restrictions, permanently nut-zen, is a fundamental breach is in the negative often (Continuation of BGH, Judgment of 3. April 1996 – VIII ZR 51/95, BGHZ 132, 290, 297 ff.).
b) When testing, whether a breach by the seller can account for the Erfüllungsin-interest of the buyer substantially, remedy is primarily due to the measures party agreements. Absence of explicit agreements Club, is to take mainly due to the tendency of the UN Sales Convention consideration, avoidance of the contract in favor of other relevant kom-
coming remedies, push back the particular spoilage or damage compensation-rate. The rescission is to the buyer only as a last resort (ultima ratio) be available, to respond to a Vertragsverlet-tion of the other party, which is so important, that they can relate mainly be He-filling interests (following BGH, Ur part of 3. April 1996 – VIII ZR 51/95, cit).

JUDGMENT BGH VIII ZR 394/12 from 24. September 2014 Continue reading A breach of contract is essential in terms of Art 35 CISG, if its fulfillment, the buyer is attributable primarily by the weight of the infringement, so the goods can not be used

More business law topics:

Arbeitsrecht

Business succession, Planning of succession and valuation of companies

In a corporate successor of the successor takes over an existing and functioning company and continued running. In this case, the corporate successor of beginning his entrepreneurial skills to the test: Its mission is to, to ensure the future competitiveness of the company, continue to satisfy existing customers, to gain new customers and to secure jobs in the company. Not an easy matter. For the great advantages of a corporate succession only come into play, if the successor company brings self-determined conditions.

Consulting business succession

A business succession is no small thing, typical questions should be reviewed and responded to:

  • What form of Underwriting Agreement (Purchase, Lease, Donation agreement)?
  • What are the legal obligations to acquire all rights and obligations under existing employment contracts of?
  • What are the legal obligations to take over the responsibility for (Old) Liabilities from?
  • What are the legal obligations to take over the responsibility for operational control of?
  • What are the legal obligations for implementation for warranty- and warranties?
  • How to make a realistic enterprise value and price to determine?
  • How can the purchase price will be financed?
  • How should the transfer phase are designed?

Typical succession problems are especially the following:

  • The purchase price is not appropriate
    • Let the price offered in each case by external experts (u.a. Association, Chamber, Auditors, Management consultant) check.
  • Financing and business plan not thoroughly prepared
    • Here, the course is set incorrectly, jeopardize the entire enterprise. Insofar expert advice must be involved as early as possible..

Planning of succession

A business succession is planned on the basis of an existing company. The successor to an accurate picture of the actual state of the company must therefore make it and so his ideas about the target state building the future development of the company, work out.

The idea, to take over a company and then rest on the laurels of its predecessor, is not realistic. To remain competitive, The company has to develop under your leadership further. Continue reading Business succession, Planning of succession and valuation of companies

More business law topics:

An agency, which is forbidden, to work for competing entrepreneurs, No Einfirmenvertreter power contract within the meaning of § 92a Abs. 1 HGB.

A self-employed commercial agents, which is forbidden, to work for competing entrepreneurs, and one other activity at the earliest 21 May take days from receipt of the display and presentation of documents relating to their activities, No Einfirmenvertreter power contract within the meaning of § 92a Abs. 1 Set 1 Old. 1 HGB.

Therefore, the legal process is opened to the ordinary courts for disputes arising from the contractual relationship.

Decision VII ZB 27/12 from 18. July 2013

GVG § 13; ArbGG § 5 Abs. 3 Set 1; HGB § 92a Abs. 1 Set 1 Old. 1 Continue reading An agency, which is forbidden, to work for competing entrepreneurs, No Einfirmenvertreter power contract within the meaning of § 92a Abs. 1 HGB.

More business law topics:

Transportrecht: Country Freight law, Air freight law, Railway freight law, Inland navigation law, Speditionsrecht, Bearing right, Logistikrecht, Seehandelsrecht

Theoretically, the transport law covers the following areas:the land freight law, the air cargo law, Railway freight law and inland waterway transport law, the forwarding law, the right of storage and logistics law, the Admiralty. Also include the Customs Law, insurance law and private international law, this. This includes the following legal issues:

Law of national and cross-border road transport, including the right of the general terms and conditions and marine insurance conditions
Law of national and cross-border transport to water, in the air and on the rail
Recht des Transports multimodalen
Legal transport of dangerous goods, including relevant criminal- and fines
Forwarding insurance law
Internationales Privatrecht
Customs law and customs clearance in cross-border traffic and transport taxes Continue reading Transportrecht: Country Freight law, Air freight law, Railway freight law, Inland navigation law, Speditionsrecht, Bearing right, Logistikrecht, Seehandelsrecht

More business law topics:

A- and export of goods: Zollrecht

The European Union reformed its customs legislation currently extensively. In the international EU cross-border movement of goods are countless customs- to observe and foreign trade law provisions. In addition to issuing an export declaration and the always necessary import declaration in the destination country and transit provisions are taken into account. This is especially true in transit through third countries.

Because of the many at- and abroad in regulations is always a required individual counseling. Continue reading A- and export of goods: Zollrecht

More business law topics:

Silent partner is entitled to a (eventual) Compensation balance according to the rules of the defective society

The principles of faulty society are on a multi-unit silent society, in which the investor, participating with a capital contribution as silent partners, join an existing from all silent partners and the owner of the trade sector public company, apply with the proviso, that such an acceding silent partners holders of the commercial activity because of a pre-contractual fault enlightenment not by way of damages, the rescission of its shareholding by return of his deposit may require train to train to transfer his rights from the silent participation of the; rather, he is entitled to a (eventual) Compensation balance according to the rules of the defective society and in addition, depending on the financial situation of the trade operation and the level of – hypothetical – Compensation claims of the other silent partners, entitled to compensation for his unmatched by the compensation claim damages.

BGH II ZR JUDGMENT 383/12 from 19. November 2013

HGB § 230 Continue reading Silent partner is entitled to a (eventual) Compensation balance according to the rules of the defective society

More business law topics:

Urgency assumption of § 12 Abs. 2 UWG is not refuted, if the applicant is not taken against similar violations of third parties

1. The urgency assumption of § 12 Abs. 2 UWG is not refuted, if the applicant is not taken against similar violations of third parties.
2. The statement, is a substance “the only DPP4 inhibitor without CYP-450 metabolism”, is misleading lack of scientific evidence, when metabolism of “zero” results neither from the technical information even from scientific studies. A scrutiny at the level of traffic understanding reinterpretation of the claim in the statement of the absence of a “significant” or “clinically relevant” Metabolism occurs in the face of the clear wording of the specification is not considered.
Continue reading Urgency assumption of § 12 Abs. 2 UWG is not refuted, if the applicant is not taken against similar violations of third parties

More business law topics:

Medienberichtertstattungsrecht, Persöhnlichkeitsrecht, Freedom of expression and freedom of the press

Press Law

Medienberichtertstattungsrecht, Persöhnlichkeitsrecht, Freedom of expression and press freedom are important foundations of democracy and fundamental rights in terms of 3 in the latter type. 1, 2 and 5 Anchored GG.

But communication media has different sides. You can destroy the honor and reputation of a person unlawfully. As an untrue statement of fact, illegal or manipulated photo shoot or coverage of particular private spheres fundamental rights are violated. Continue reading Medienberichtertstattungsrecht, Persöhnlichkeitsrecht, Freedom of expression and freedom of the press

More business law topics:

Portrait rights (Copyright Act), general right of personality and Press

The right to one's image

Where is the portrait rights regulated?

In “Law(this is) relating to the copyright in works of fine arts and photography” (Copyright Act) from 1907, as a general right, criminally in § 202a of the Criminal Code, as well as some in data protection legislation.

What is protected?

The right of personal portrayal protects photographs or records from access by other. That § 22 Copyright Act allowed only with the consent of the depicted images published or publicly displayed. The consent is in doubt as granted, if the person portrayed this, that he allowed himself to reflect, received a reward. After the death of the person depicted is required to expiration of 10 Years, the consent of the members of the depicted. Members under this Act, the surviving spouse and children of the person depicted, and if neither a spouse nor children are present, the parents of the depicted.

The production of portraits is not therefore recognized immediately, but certainly their distribution and public display. Unlike in copyright also just not the photo is protected as such, but the Sample. Continue reading Portrait rights (Copyright Act), general right of personality and Press

More business law topics:

Data Governing Law / Privacy Law (with right of informational self-determination, Social Media Recht, BDSG)

Privacy law

Due to the high, easy availability of data, their predictability and processing in databases or other computerized systems is a policy of the central facets of current and future legal realities represent.

The protection of data is not solely in orginären Privacy Legal, but also in many other areas of law, such as intellectual property law and copyright (unauthorized Down-/Uploads protected works, Database right), Application.

In addition to its general data protection law many domain-specific data protection provisions in other laws. These are the general rules of the respective national data protection laws and the Federal Data Protection Act (BDSG) ago ( § 1 Abs. 3 and 4 BDSG). Continue reading Data Governing Law / Privacy Law (with right of informational self-determination, Social Media Recht, BDSG)

More business law topics:

Competitive situations (including competition law and warnings injunction proceedings)

What is it about?

Competition law is in contrast to antitrust law advertising law; regulated the manner of advertising in terms of a single measure of the marketing mix. This is done regardless of the medium used, and detached from the relevant public. So it turns (also) represents a single letter of a company to a customer already as "advertising" in the legal sense.

Against anti-competitive behavior, the procedure is usually done by a warning along with solicitation of a imitator. It is an unregulated legal institution. A sample warning letter can be found here. The right Abgemahnt must usually abmahnenden the competitors will refund the cost of the lawyer's use. These costs start at around. 500 EUR in the case of relatively simple, "Hazardous" violations and to quickly reach the middle four digits. Even in light of this fact, the prior examination of the marketing activity is recommended.

Are otherwise not sufficient content desist, may take legal action by the competitor. After the expiry of a warning – often short – bemessenen Deadline, can einstweiliges available procedures are performed. The overall process is able to include two and three summary proceedings on the merits. Continue reading Competitive situations (including competition law and warnings injunction proceedings)

More business law topics:

Contract law (Contracts, Terms creation) and contract review

Horak lawyers across the civil- versed and contract law. We are used to, to set us apart with the economic concerns of our clients, to translate these into customized formulations and appropriate contractual interest.

Of course we support the interests of our clients even after a legal dispute over the contract beyond the end. We put the needs of the clientele to be enforced by or. defend them against insolvency. Here, we do not content ourselves with routine measures. We help our clients with specialist knowledge in the field of law enforcement and the Insolvency Act to enforce his claims.

More business law topics: